Is there a greater hero, a greater saint, a greater bhakta and a greater king than Shivaji? Shivaji was the very embodiment of a born ruler of men as typified in our great Epics. He was the type of the real son of India representing the true consciousness of the nation. It was he who showed what the future of India is going to be sooner or later, a group of independent units under one umbrella as it were, under one supreme imperial suzerainty.” - Swami Vivekananda
As there are too many great things about Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj, It's difficult to recollect all hi achievements, Some of the highlighted things that Inspires me most as below:
Economic system and revenue At that point of time, all the officers were given Jagirs (feudal land grant). Shivaji was the first to drop that practice and he started paying all the officers in cash, which turned out to be one of the best decisions. In order to avoid the practice of corruption, he divided the kingdom into 4 parts, and each part had a Viceroy. All of these provinces had a number of sub divisions calledpranths. The Zamindars and the Deshmukhs used to levy taxes on the farmers, Shivaji gave up this practice. The Government dealt with the cultivators directly and the land was measured using a rod called the Kathi.
Tolerance to all religions Shivaji Maharaj is considered to be a Hindu and Maratha ruler, which is quite different from the reality. There were many Muslim officers in his army and he never had any ill feeling towards any religion. On the other hand, some of his enemies were Hindus. Rustam-I- Zamani of Rajapur was a close friend of Shivaji and he punished Doroji one of his generals who captured Rajapur. He was the one who helped revive all the good things in Hindu culture and abolished most of the bad aspects.
Father of Indian Navy Despite having some of the best kingdoms, Indian rulers never built a navy of their own. Shivaji Maharaj was the first to build a navy and owing to it, he is known as the father of Indian Navy. Built a number of naval forts – Vijayadurg, Suvarndurg, Padmadurg, Jaigad, Sindhudurg etc.
Honoring women and mercy to the prisoners of war Shivaji is one of the very few rulers who treated both men and women equally. His rule could be defined as the term of approbation for women. Maratha army captured many forts and towns, but all the women were sent back safe with honor.The prisoners of war were treated with respect by Shivaji Maharaj. He welcomed the people who were ready to join the Maratha army and never judged anyone on the basis of their heritage and culture.
Patriotism and Nationalism Shivaji was not an egocentric with an over inflated sense of expansion of his kingdom. Like Chanakya, Shivaji too dreamt of a united India. He was perfectly fine with the other kings and opposed the foreign rulers. Shivaji was the one who wiped away Mughals who ruled the nation for many decades. Chatrasal Bundela was inspired by Shivaji Maharaj, and Bundela created his own kingdom in Rajasthan.
Efficient governance: The governing council of Shivaji Maharaj was divided into 8 parts as below:
Peshwa– He looked after the welfare of all the states.
Amatya– He looked after the finance of the kingdom and was responsible for all the taxes and their proper collection.
Wakia Nawis– He used to keep a track of the events that happened in the courts and in the meetings.
Samant– He was responsible for all the foreign affairs and was responsible for taking care of the foreign guests and ambassadors.
Sachiv– He ensured that all the orders were implemented carefully and in right earnest.
Pandit Rao– He was the overall religious head and looked after the religious ceremonies in the kingdom.
Nyayadish– He was responsible for civil and military justice.
Senapati– He recruited the officers for the Maratha army and was responsible for maintaining all of them
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